Umbilical Cord Blood Research

Cord blood stem cell research

Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cell research conducted by doctors, scientists, and medical technicians on cord blood stem cells which have been harvested from the blood that remains in the umbilical cord after a child is born. This research on the umbilical cord blood stem cells is being conducted to discover new methods of treating certain diseases, conditions, and to enhance and improve current medical therapies. Research into umbilical cord blood stem cells been conducted for the past 30 years or so, and researchers often uncovering new potential uses for umbilical cord blood stem cells. Thus far, research into umbilical cord blood stem cells has discovered that they are able to repair tissues by regenerating cells. Umbilical cord blood stem cells can also be transplanted into another person for purposes of treating many childhood issues like leukemia or childhood diabetes.

Research into umbilical cord blood stem cells has already shown excellent results in animal research studies, including situations where cord blood stem cells have improved vascular functions in injured animal tissue, as well as improved blood flow and generally increased heart function.

To conduct the research, the umbilical cord blood must be collected within 10 minutes of the birth. It is best if the amount of cord blood collected is in excess of 75 mL so that there are a sufficient number of stem cells available for testing and for transplantation. If the umbilical cord blood stem cells are not going to be used for research immediately, they can be cryogenically frozen. In this instance, once the research sample is harvested from the umbilical cord, a cryo-preservant is added to the cord blood to allow the cells to be frozen without damage. The cord blood stem cells are frozen slowly so that they are able to survive the freezing process, after which they are stored in a liquid nitrogen tank at –196 Celsius. Cord blood stem cells that are cryogenically frozen in this way have a virtually limitless lifespan, so the stem cells can be unfrozen and used for research days, weeks, or even years later.

Research has discovered that umbilical cord blood stem cells have significant differences when compared with other cells. Umbilical stem cells are “unspecialized” cells and are able to renew themselves by cell division, even after they have been frozen for years. Umbilical cord blood stem cells also have the ability to become tissue- or organ-specific cells, allowing those tissues to recover from illness or disease.

Because of their ability to regenerate, stem cells may give us new methods of treating conditions such as heart disease and diabetes, and research is underway in many other areas of medical science as well.

If you want to store your baby’s cord blood, or if you want to become a cord blood donor, you will need to make this decision well in advance of your date for delivery. It is best to let your doctor know by your 34th week so that they can help make any arrangements with a cord blood banking organization. Prior to birth you will need to complete a health history questionnaire, and provide a blood sample to check for disease. In most situations, you will also be required to sign a sign a consent form to confirm your intention to have the cord blood collected.

Cord Blood Banking Costs, Pros, and Cons

adult stem cells

Not many families are willing to save the umbilical cord blood for future medical use. Baby cord blood banking is relatively new and not accepted mass. Cord blood is known to be useful for as many as 80 diseases. However, many people do not know its importance and lack of awareness about its advantages and benefits is also a hindrance. Because this blood is rich in stem cells and can be used for the treatment of several serious diseases. So, it can be used for your own baby or your family members or someone else and it is also useful for fatal illnesses and can save someone’s life. This blood has several qualities that make it better than bone marrow. It is frozen after proper testing and is ready to use. For instance, you do not require a perfect match. Even some of the match can be used for medical treatment, unlike bone marrow, where the match will be required. Baby cord blood banking is used even when there is a little match. There are pros and cons of storing this blood.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Cord Blood Banking

cord blood banking cost

Advantages of Cord Blood Banking: First, it is easy. This collection is very simple and safe. This causes no harm to mother and child. Blood is tested and frozen immediately after collection. Second, do not need the perfect combination. Even a lesser match is acceptable and can be used to treat disease. This does not cause complications because the stem cells attack the recipient tissues. In fact, it contributes to the formation of organs, tissues, etc. The baby’s cord blood is a noble cause and should be accepted. The cord blood is better than bone marrow because it is not the time to find a compatible donor. A partial match is also used to treat the deadly disease.

Disadvantages of Cord Blood Banking: Ok, we will begin to talk about the disadvantages of cord blood banking. One of the cons is cord blood banking costs and processing fees to store the blood. This blood has useful qualifies, but also some weaknesses. Good things come at a price and costs and there are some disadvantages. It is important to be aware of disadvantages, so you do not rumble. The genetic disorder of the immune system is a rare disease that affects fewer than 1 in 10,000 people. It may not occur immediately after the transplant. This disease can then develop symptoms after a few years. Another problem is quantity. Since cord blood banks store the stem cells from umbilical cord blood newborns in the amount of blood that is less and may not be enough to transplant for adults. Although there are some disadvantages, they scarce and must not be discouraged store cord blood for future medical.

Cord Blood Banking & Cord Blood Banks

cord blood sample

As is known, in its development required a facility to store umbilical cord blood so that the future could be easier. For that created a special place to store them. A cord blood bank is a facility which stores umbilical cord blood for future use, for more easily.

There are two kinds of cord blood bank, public cord blood bank, and private cord blood bank. Public cord blood bank accepts donations to be used for anyone in need. Public cord blood bank is supported by the medical community. Generally, an expectant mother interested in donating should contact the bank before the 34th week of pregnancy. The National Marrow Donor Program has a list of public cord blood bank on their website. Once the blood is donated, it loses all identifying information after a short period of initial testing. Families are not able to retrieve their own blood after it has been donated, but, as discussed below, it is very unlikely that they would be able to use the sample themselves.

With the research currently underway regarding the use of stem cells, options for obtaining and storing this precious resource are being developed. There is only one opportunity to harvest a cord blood sample for cord blood bank and that is after the delivery of a newborn child. Once the umbilical cord and placenta have been discarded, the opportunity to collect a sample has passed. With the options for parents to donate their child’s cord blood came questions regarding the use of an infant’s cord blood for his or her own medical needs. The answer to these questions arose in the form of private cord blood bank.

Cord blood has now been used in over 6,000 stem cell transplants. As a viable treatment for the disease, cord blood has proven, time and time again, that it can save lives. Every parent wants his or her child’s future to be disease free and productive. Until recently, there wasn’t much a parent could do to prevent a catastrophic or life-threatening illness in their child’s future. Even the prospect of doing so was something straight out of a science fiction movie.

With advances in cord blood storage, parents are now finding options for providing a kind of “biological insurance policy” for their children. Due to cord blood donation and the valuable stem cells it provides, even parents who have not, due to whatever reason, stored the cord blood of their newborn(s) can take advantage of this invaluable medical treatment. With cord blood bank, cord blood can now be collected and stored indefinitely for future use for the child him/herself, a family member or even an individual who is not related but cannot find the exact match required for a bone marrow donation.